Below are significant resources that can provide a foundational understanding of the themes listed. Note that some resources are listed in more than one place. As much as possible, we’ve ordered resources such that shorter items precede longer items. Neither the themes, nor lists of resources, are meant to be exhaustive. Self education is a lifelong journey. Guidance on how to incorporate different themes and resources into a group experience can be found on our Guiding Group Work and Sample Curriculum pages, and is also available through consultation

Understanding Racism and White Supremacy

Whiteness and Class

Historical Grief and Trauma

European Roots & Patterns


Collective Liberation

The Perils of “Helping” Across Cultures

Building Accountable Relationships with Communities of Color

Racial Caucusing

Racial Identity Development

8 thoughts on “Resources

  1. Christopher Keiser-Liontree

    Greetings, Thank you for the resources and initiative. I don’t see Reparatory Justice highlighted related to the struggle for Reparations and Repatriation. Is this something WhiteAwake is active in? The University of West Indies in Kingston Jamaica is opening a Reparatory Justice Institute in October guided by the leadership of Vice Chancellor Hillary Beckles who I recently met in Ghana West Africa at the Kwame Nkrumah Cultural and Intellectual Festival University of Ghana.
    Equal Rights and Justice

    1. Eleanor Hancock

      Christopher Liontree! I believe we know one another. 🙂 I would love to bring resources onto the sight that specifically highlight Reparations, Repatriation, and Reparatory Justice. I’ll reach out to you via email.

      With warmth,

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  3. Michael Bartley

    Are there any resources on White Fragility? Articles/resources that can take the place of an antiracist white elder sitting the reader down and schooling them but also in a way that doesn’t cause a defensive reaction?

    1. Eleanor Hancock Post author

      Hello Michael. We don’t have any resources off hand for this. I have generally found that as people learn more about what whiteness is, and how they’ve been socialized into it (including the many costs of this socialization), defensive “white fragility” responses naturally decrease. Also, while I acknowledge that folks sometimes need this type of “elder sitting them down” experience, generally the phrase “white fragility” elicits a defensive response from anyone who is displaying the traits this term is created to address. At any rate, if I find something as you described, I’ll post! 🙂 Sincerely, Eleanor (Director, White Awake)

      1. Gabe Dayley

        Hi there! I just stumbled into this comment thread while looking through the resources on this page. You may have already come across Robin DiAngelo’s work on white fragility, but if not, here are three resources:

        1) [blog post] Robin DiAngelo, “White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard to Talk to White People About Racism,”, April 9, 2015,
        2) [scholarly article] Robin DiAngelo, “White Fragility,” International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, 3, no. 3 (2011): 54-70.
        3) [book] Robin DiAngelo, White Fragility (Boston: Beacon Press, 2018).

        Eleanor is probably right that these resources may be more triggering for someone who is already experiencing a form of white fragility, but I’ve found them incredibly helpful as an offering to white affinity groups more generally when introducing the concept and encouraging us to notice when the experience arises in ourselves.

        Warmly, Gabe

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